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Disaster Mitigation with Equity & Diginity
Bihar is India’s most flood-prone State, with 76% of the population in the north Bihar living under the recurring threat of flood devastation.  16.5% of the total flood affected area in India is located in Bihar while 22.1% of the flood affected population in India lives in Bihar. About 68,800 square kilometers out of a total geographical area of 94,160 square kilometers comprising 73.06% is flood affected.  Floods in Bihar are an annually  recurring disaster affecting huge human and livestock population and causing huge damages to agricultural crops, houses and public infrastructure.  In between 1979 and 2006, floods of varying intensity have ravaged Bihar on an annually recurrent basis affecting on an average an area of 1.39 mha, a human population of 7.71million and a livestock population of 1.55 million per annum. Crop losses have been on an average to the tune of Rs 1423.33 million per annum and that of public property to the tune of Rs 568.30 million. Loss of human lives has been on an average of 210 per annum and that of livestock at 680 per annum.

In between 1979 and 2006, floods of varying intensity have ravaged Bihar on an annually recurrent basis affecting on an average an area of 1.39 mha, a human population of 7.71million and a livestock population of 1.55 million per annum. Crop losses have been on an average to the tune of Rs 1423.33 million per annum and that of public property to the tune of Rs 568.30 million. Loss of human lives has been on an average of 210 per annum and that of livestock at 680 per annum.

Recognition of the increasing cost and complexity of emergency relief operations has focused attention on taking preventive action and planning for disaster before they happen. It is becoming increasingly evident now that a relatively smaller investment in disaster preparedness can save thousands of lives and vital economic assets, as well as
reduce the cost of overall relief assistance. Disaster statistics are hard to calculate with any accuracy or consistency.  Nonetheless, all the evidence points to a steep and continuing rise in deaths and injuries from disasters since the 1960s, and there is a general consensus among researchers and insurers that the number of disasters is increasing. This rise cannot be explained by a parallel rise in the number of earthquakes, cyclones and the like. What we are seeing is an increase in the effects of disasters on people - or, in other words, an increase in people's vulnerability to disasters. It is the social, cultural, economic and political environment that makes people vulnerable. This is most apparent in the economic pressures that force many of the poor to live in cheap but dangerous locations such as flood plains and unstable hillsides; but there are many less visible underlying factors - social and political as well as economic - that affect people's ability to protect themselves against disasters or to recover from them. Some groups are more vulnerable than others. Class, caste, ethnicity, gender, disability and age are all factors affecting people's vulnerability. Those who are already at an economic or social disadvantage because of one or more of these characteristics tend to be more likely to suffer during disasters. Little wonder then that recipients of both disaster and development are increasingly becoming one and the same, usually the poorest and the weakest groups within the developing countries. Hence, it is important that Disaster Risk Management is an integral component of any development planning, the case of North Bihar plains being no exception.  A sustainable livelihood index analysis conducted for 80 agro-climatic sub zones revealed that all the five sub-zones of Bihar namely, north Bihar plains, North-eastern plains, South-Bihar plains, Chota Nagpur hills and Chota Nagpur Plateau rank at the bottom requiring urgent intervention. Evidently, poverty is most widespread in areas that are more vulnerable to natural disasters. These areas are also poorly ranked in terms of sustainability-ecological, economic and equity based indexing.

Thus disaster risk management has been one of the defining paradigms for all the developmental initiatives of SSVK in its operational area. Key interventions comprise the following:

Crisis Management & Mitigation Sites

SSVK Other Disaster Management Intervations

Disaster Mitigation with Equity & Diginity
Kosi Flood 2008 :
Relief & rehabilitation Intervention by SSVK
North Bihar Flood 2009
Reconstruction of Houses & Solar Energy
Massive fire & Cyclone in Kosi - Kamla Region
Climate Change

Bihar Drought

SSVK Relief Interventions in different type of Disasters in Bihar

Bihar disaster mitigation training for volunteers organized  by SSVK in Madhubani June 2010.  Mr. Hasmukh Sadhu Director of
All India Disaster Mitigation Institute Ahmadabad inaugural speech to Volunteers of SSVK

Child Care Centre run by ssvk in Madhepura district after kosi flood

Kosi affected childrens in ssvk centre with biscuits in jolly mood

SSVK Transparency – A display board with the list of 42 items to Fire-Cyclone victims of Madhubani distributed by SSVK
in June-July 2010 with the support of Taj PSWTM (A Tata Enterprises)

Community kitchen providing food & employment to the villagers

A human tragedy of unparalleled dimensions has unleashed itself on millions residing in the 7 North Bihar Districts of Supaul, Araria, Madhepura, Saharsa, Purnia, Khagaria and Katihar due to a breach in the in the eastern Kosi embankment upstream of the Indian border at Kushaha in neighbouring Nepal on the 18th of August, 2008.

Volunteers visiting door to door to help them out

Polythene sheet given by SSVK to flood victims of kosi for their shelter

SSVK Volunteers roaming with their life jacket to relief & rescue the flood victimes

Setting infrastructure for community kitchen for kosi flood victims 2008

SSVK health volunteer with the assistance of United Way dealing medical problem

Polythene sheet and raw food stored at SSVK Saharsa warehouse

SSVK volunteers writing reports of flood relief camp in Saharsa office

SSVK Secretary visiting kushwaha dam ( Nepal ) after koshi devastation

Country boat taking away flood victim to relief camp

SSVK volunteers using Pipa iron boat in madhepura district

SSVK volunteers providing cooked food among kosi flood victims in Saharsa district

Children in a community kitchen in Murliganj block of Madhepura district run by ssvk

SSVK catering cooked food to the kosi flood victims

Doctors distributing medicine

SSVK volunteers giving coupon for cooked food and dry ration

Country boat flooded with people going towards food camp in kumarkhand block of madhepura district

Aftermath of koshi devastation after seven month (Madhepura district)

SSVK Volunteers reaching in flood affected area by bike in kumarkhand block of madhepura district

SSVK Health volunteers training at camp in Madhepura district supported by Unicef

Training of volunteers by Unicef at Beldaur Nahar of Murliganj block district Madhepura In SSVK Camp No.2

Stocks carried by volunteer

Children in community kitchen in Madhepura district

Camp inmates being briefed on use of ORS by the health volunteer

Vit-A Supplementation

S.S.V.K and UNITED WAY joined there hand together for catering cooked food to flood victims

Hand pump installed by s.s.v.k for safe drinking water in Saharsa district in kumarkhand block of Madhepura district

Volunteers making food in ssvk camp at madhepura

SSVK Volunteers at madhepura camp

Ssvk volunteers Providing medical assistance in murliganj of madhepura district

Ssvk Food stock for community kitchen in at Beldaur Nahar ,murliganj block of madhepura district supported by Krishna Arpanam Mumbai

Shelter and food provided by with the support of Krishna Arpanam

Making queue for getting flat rice& jaggery in ssvk camp in Murliganj supported by Saffron Art Mumbai

Children attending class in child care camp run by ssvk in madhepura

Villagers waiting for boat for ssvk relief camp in madhepura

Volunteers making food in ssvk camp at madhepura

Doctor observing child in madhepura

Meal providing by SSVK with the support of Krishna arpanam at Beldaur (Madhepura district)

SSVK Volunteers Maintaining Records at Madhepura office

Woman in possession of ploythene sheets provided by unicef

Flood victims with their stuff struggling their life using banana tree as a boat in kosi flood 2008.

Life Jacket for Flood Response volunteers of SSVK

Embankment broken by flood

People carrying flood relief material provided by SSVK

IEC demonstrating rights of flood victim

Flood victim in sistamatic manner with token waiting for flood relief material in ssvk campus

Sample of token for flood relief.

DW and Deepak Bharti SSVK secretary in disaster mitigation meeting with International Agency
(OXFEM, World Bank, Cord Aid, Save the Children Fund, Christan Aid, UNICEF, Actionaid)

Community kitchen during flood to feed flood victim

Flood victim with polythene sheet provided by SSVK for shelter

Polythene sheets distribution among flood victim for shelter

Flood victim with food material

Flood victim with polythene sheets

Feeding community during flood

Weighting food grain for distribution among flood victim

Blanket distribution among rickshaw puller (flood victim)

Flood victims with blanket provided by SSVK

Rickshaw puller with blanket

Flood Relief worker in village

Hand pump for safe drinking water installed in flood affected area

Cloths stored at SSVK office for distribution

Health awareness campaign

Campaign to stop plague

Manufaturing of boat by SSVK for flood affeted people.

Flood victim with relief material

PPT / Slides on Bihar Floods
SSVK Green Globe Award
on - CNBC TV 18

State Co-ordination cum Correspondence Office

North Bihar Training Cum Field Office

Emails & Web

Lok Shakti Bhawan,
Opp:Ajay Nilayan Apartment,
Parmanand Path, Nageshwar Colony
Boring Road, Patna – 800001

Tel/FAX: +91-612-2522077
Mobile: +91-94310 25801
               +91-99731 61483

J.P. Gram, Balbhadrapur,
Jhanjharpur (R.S.)
District - Madhubani

Tel/FAX: + 91-6273-222242
Mobile: + 91-99399 84568

E-mail (S):

  • info @
  • ssvkindia @
  • ngossvky86 @
  • deepakbharti @

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